ECZEMA is a skin condition more common in children, but which may develop for the first time in adults. People with atopic eczema usually have periods when symptoms are less noticeable, as well as periods when symptoms become more severe (flare-ups). Moisturizing dry skin is essential to keep the condition under control. Following a specific bathing ritual can alleviate symptoms.
According to the National Eczema Association, the following five bathing tips can help soothe symptoms:
- Take at least one bath or shower per day
- Bathing or showering in lukewarm (not hot) water for 10 to 15 minutes
- Avoid rubbing your skin with a washcloth or loofah
- Use a mild cleanser (no soap)
- In severe outbreaks, limit the use of cleansers to further avoid irritation
- After bathing, “wipe off with a soft towel and immediately apply fragrance-free moisturizer to lock in moisture,” Dr. Oz said.
Taking a bleach bath can also be effective, according to the Mayo Clinic. The health care organization said, “A bath of diluted bleach decreases bacteria on the skin and associated infections. Add 1/2 cup (118 milliliters) of bleach, not concentrated bleach, to a 151-liter (40-gallon) tub filled with lukewarm water.
“Soak from the neck down or just the affected skin areas for about 10 minutes. Do not immerse the head. Take a bleach bath no more than twice a week.
Other ways to reduce the risk of flare-ups include resistance to itching, the NHS said.
Eczema is often itchy and it can be very tempting to scratch the affected areas of the skin. But scratching usually damages the skin, which itself can cause more eczema.
It is also imperative to avoid certain triggers, the NHS added, including:
- If certain fabrics irritate your skin, avoid wearing them and stick to soft, fine-weave clothing or natural materials such as cotton.
- If the heat makes your eczema worse, keep the rooms in your home cool, especially the bedroom.
- Avoid using any soaps or detergents that can affect your skin – use soap substitutes instead
“Although some people with eczema are allergic to dust mites, trying to rid your home of them is not recommended as it can be difficult and there is no clear evidence that it helps,” the NHS explained .
Dietary changes can also help relieve symptoms. Certain foods, such as eggs and cow’s milk, can trigger symptoms of eczema. “But you shouldn’t make major changes to your diet without talking to your GP first,” the NHS warned.
Creams that control the itchiness and help repair the skin can also prevent the condition from worsening. According to the Mayo Clinic, “Your doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid cream or ointment. Apply it as directed, after moisturizing. Overuse of this medication can cause side effects, including thinning of the skin.
Other creams containing drugs called calcineurin inhibitors – such as tacrolimus (Protopic) and pimecrolimus (Elidel) – affect your immune system, the health body said. “They are used by people over 2 years old to help control the skin reaction. Apply it as directed, after moisturizing. Avoid strong sunlight when using these products, ”he added.
Oral medications can also control inflammation. “For more severe cases, your doctor may prescribe oral corticosteroids, such as prednisone. These drugs are effective but cannot be used long term due to potential serious side effects, ”the Mayo Clinic said.
According to Harvard Health, it is worth seeing your doctor if your skin is:
- Has yellow drainage
- Has extensive streaks or redness
It can mean infection, the health site explained.